(born June 26, 1892, Hillsboro, U.S.—died March 6, 1973, Danby, U.S.)
American author noted for her novels of life in China. She received the Nobel Prize for Literature in 1938. Pearl Sydenstricker was raised in Chenchiang in eastern China by her Presbyterian missionary parents. In May 1917 she married missionary John L. Buck; although later divorced and remarried, she retained the name Buck professionally. Buck’s first published novel, East Wind, West Wind (1930), was written aboard a ship headed for America. The Good Earth (1931), a poignant tale of a Chinese peasant and his slave-wife and their struggle upward, was a best seller. The book, which won a Pulitzer Prize (1932), established Buck as an interpreter of the East to the West and was adapted for stage and screen. The Good Earth, widely translated, was followed by Sons (1932) and A House Divided (1935); the trilogy was published as The House of Earth (1935). Buck was awarded the Nobel Prize for Literature in 1938. From 1935 Buck lived in the United States. After World War II, in a move to aid illegitimate children of U.S. servicemen in Asian countries, she instituted the Pearl S. Buck Foundation.
The good earth
When Wang Lung goes to collect his new wife, a slave from the great House of Hwang, the gatekeeper laughs at him. However, it will not be long before even the gatekeeper treats Wang Lung with respect. One day, Wang Lung himself will be the master of the House of Hwang. This is the story of a poor farmer from the north of China, who lives through famine and flood, war and revolution, to become the head of the greatest family in town.
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