(Jan. 12, 1876, San Francisco, U.S.— Nov. 22, 1916, Glen Ellen, Calif.)
American novelist and short-story writer whose works deal romantically with elemental struggles for survival. He is one of the most extensively translated of American authors. London was raised in Oakland, Calif., by his spiritualist mother and his stepfather, whose surname, London, he took. London educated himself at public libraries with the writings of Charles Darwin, Karl Marx, and Friedrich Nietzsche. His first book, The Son of the Wolf (1900), gained a wide audience. During the remainder of his life he produced steadily, completing 50 books of fiction and nonfiction in 17 years. His Alaskan stories Call of the Wild (1903), White Fang (1906), and Burning Daylight (1910), in which he dramatized in turn atavism, adaptability, and the appeal of the wilderness, are outstanding. But his autobiographical novel Martin Eden (1909) is perhaps his most enduring work. London’s reputation declined in the United States in the 1920s, but his popularity has remained high throughout the world.
White Fang is a heart-warming story of how a wild animal, part wolf and part dog, comes to love and live happily with a human family. The story is set in Canada in the 1890s – around the time of the Gold Rush in the Klondike.
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